In this Guide:
On this page:
- Revision Post-1912-current
- Signature Requirements for Petitions - Initiated Constitutional Amendment vs. Initiated Statute
On other pages in this guide:
- Table of Proposed Constitutional Amendments 1857-current
- 1912 Constitutional Revision
- Pre-1912 Revision
- Statistical Tables of amendments proposed and adopted
- Constitutional Revision Commission 1970-1977
- Ohio Constitutional Modernization Commission 2011-2021
Photo on Flickr. Woman collecting petition signatures in Ohio.
Constitutional Revision in Ohio
Ways to Amend the Ohio Constitution:
Currently, outside of a constitutional convention, there are two basic ways to amend the Ohio Constitution:
- Initiative Petition by Person(s), Ohio Constitution: Article II, Section 1a , Article II, Section 1g; ORC Ch. 3519 and
- Initiative by the General Assembly.Ohio Constitution, proposed by 60% of both houses of the legislature.
Before 1912, the Initiative Petition originated by a person did not exist.
See Procedures for Statewide Ballot Issues on the Ohio Secretary of State's page.
In the 1970s, the legislature created a Constitutional Revision Commission in order to recommend constitutional amendments to the legislature. HB 188, establishes a new Constitutional Modernization Commission, which would make recommendations to the General Assembly as to Constitutional revision. The new commission expires in 2021.
For annual information on constitutional revision in all states, see Council of State Governments, Book of the States.
Sampson, Sara A., "Researching Initiatives and Referenda, A Guide for Ohio", Legal Reference Services Quarterly, ,Vol. 26, Issue 3/4 (2007). Full text available from InformaWorld
Women's Sufferage was a ballot issue in 1914. (Photo: Library of Congress)
Currently Before Ohio Voters
Revision Post-1912 to Current
In a nutshell, a person desiring to amend the Ohio Constitution first presents their initiative petition to the Ohio Attorney General. Once the Ohio Attorney General certifies it, the Ohio Ballot Board must certify it contains only one amendment. The petitioner then gathers signatures and the Ohio Secretary of State determines whether the signatures are sufficient to have the iniative petition put on the ballot. The amendment must be approved by a majority of Ohio voters.
Signature Requirements for Petitions - Initiated Constitutional Amendment v. Initiated Statute
Signature Requirements for Petitions
|Initiated Constitutional Amendment||Initiated Statute|
|Initial Filing||1,000 signatures||1,000 signatures|
(10%) of the total vote cast for the office of governor at the last gubernatorial election . Ohio Constitution: Article II, Section 1a
signatures from at least 44 of the 88 counties in Ohio. From each of these 44 counties, there must be signatures equal to at least five percent (5%) of the total vote cast for the office of governor in that county at the last gubernatorial election. Article II, Section 1g
(3%) of the total vote cast for the office of governor at the last gubernatorial election Ohio Constitution:
signatures from at least 44 of the 88 counties in Ohio. From each of these 44 counties, there must be signatures equal to at least one and five tenths percent (1.5%) of the total vote cast for the office of governor in that county at the last gubernatorial election. Article II, Section 1g