1912 & Pre 1912 RevisionStatistical Tables of Amendments Proposed and AdoptedConstitutional Revision Commission 1970-1977Ballot Initiatives filed w/Attorney General
Cases to WatchSelect Lower Court Cases
Secondary Sources - Ohio ConstitutionSecondary Sources - Ohio HistoryState Constitutional Law ResourcesBibliographies and Newspapers
This is the "Constitutional Revision" page of the "Ohio Constitution - Law and History" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

Ohio Constitution - Law and History   Tags: constitution, constitutional law, legal history, ohio, ohio constitution  

Sources for researching the Ohio Constitution, including new and current versions of the Ohio Constitution, constitutional conventions, information on proposed and passed amendments, Ohio Supreme Court cases, a bibliography and more.
Last Updated: Apr 16, 2014 URL: http://guides.law.csuohio.edu/ohioconstitution Print Guide RSS Updates

Constitutional Revision Print Page
  Search: 
 
 

In this Guide:

On this page:

On other pages in this guide:

 Photo  on Flickr.   Woman collecting petition signatures in Ohio.

Constitutional Revision in Ohio

Ways to Amend the Ohio Constitution:

Currently, outside of a constitutional convention, there are two basic ways to amend the Ohio Constitution:

  1. Initiative Petition by Person(s), Ohio Constitution: Article II, Section 1a , Article II, Section 1g; ORC Ch. 3519 and
  2. Initiative by the General Assembly.Ohio Constitution, proposed by 60% of both houses of the legislature. 

Before 1912, the Initiative Petition originated by a person did not exist.

See Procedures for Statewide Ballot Issues on the Ohio Secretary of State's page.

Constitutional Commissions:

In the 1970s, the legislature created a Constitutional Revision Commission in order to recommend constitutional amendments to the legislature.  HB 188, establishes a new Constitutional Modernization Commission, which would make recommendations to the General Assembly as to Constitutional revision.  The new commission expires in 2021.

For annual information on constitutional revision in all states, see Council of State Governments, Book of the States.

Research Guidance:

Sampson, Sara A., "Researching Initiatives and Referenda, A Guide for Ohio", Legal Reference Services Quarterly, ,Vol. 26, Issue 3/4 (2007). Full text available from InformaWorld

Women's Sufferage was a ballot issue in 1914.  (Photo: Library of Congress)

      

    Currently Before Ohio Voters

    Revision Post-1912 to Current

    In a nutshell, a person desiring to amend the Ohio Constitution first presents their initiative petition to the Ohio Attorney General.  Once the Ohio Attorney General certifies it, the Ohio Ballot Board must certify it contains only one amendment.  The petitioner then gathers signatures and the Ohio Secretary of State determines whether the signatures are sufficient to have the iniative petition put on the ballot.  The amendment must be approved by a majority of Ohio voters.

     

    Signature Requirements for Petitions - Initiated Constitutional Amendment v. Initiated Statute

    Signature Requirements for Petitions

      Initiated Constitutional Amendment Initiated Statute
    Initial Filing 1,000 signatures 1,000 signatures
    Signature Requirements

    (10%) of the total vote cast for the office of governor at the last gubernatorial election . Ohio Constitution: Article II, Section 1a
     

    signatures from at least 44 of the 88 counties in Ohio.  From each of these 44 counties, there must be signatures equal to at least five percent (5%) of the total vote cast for the office of governor in that county at the last gubernatorial electionArticle II, Section 1g

    (3%) of the total vote cast for the office of governor at the last gubernatorial election Ohio Constitution:
    Article II, Section 1b;

    signatures from at least 44 of the 88 counties in Ohio.  From each of these 44 counties, there must be signatures equal to at least one and five tenths percent (1.5%) of the total vote cast for the office of governor in that county at the last gubernatorial electionArticle II, Section 1g

    Cleveland-Marshall College of Law Library

    C|M|LAW Library Home Page Library Hours Ask Us Contact a Librarian

    1801 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44115
    Mailing Address: 2121 Euclid Avenue, LL 109, Cleveland, Ohio 44115
    (216) 687-2250

    Description

    Loading  Loading...

    Tip