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Table of Proposed Ohio Constitutional Amendments and Votes

(Appendix B from The Ohio State Constitution, A Reference Guide, Steven H. Steinglass & Gino J. Scarselli , KFO401 1851 .A6 S74 2004 )

The following Table of Proposed Constitutional Amendments was originally published in Thomas R. Swisher, ed., Ohio Constitution Handbook (Cleveland: Banks-Baldwin Law Publishing Co., 1990), 597, and also appears in Baldwin’s Ohio Revised Code Annotated Constitution of the State of Ohio, Table of Proposed Amendments to Ohio Constitution (West Group 2004)(hereinafter West Table of Proposed Amendments).  The table has been updated and has been modified to include the vote totals, which are taken from Isaac F. Patterson, The Constitutions of Ohio: Amendments and Proposed Amendments. (Cleveland, Arthur H. Clark Co., 1912) (Google books), and from historical election data on file with the Ohio Secretary of State.  The Table is reprinted in this modified form with the permission of West Publishing, a Thomson business.

Abbreviations:  ‘GA’ = General Assembly; ‘CC’ = Constitutional Convention; ‘IP’ = Initiative Petition.  Bracketed notes in superscript (e.g., ‘[x]’) following some of the entries are explained at the end of the table.

The asterisks (‘*’) following the results of a number of amendments from 1857 through 1908 indicate that the amendment received a majority of votes cast in its favor but did not meet the constitutional requirement in effect at the time under Article. XVI, section 1, which required that to be ratified an amendment proposed by the General Assembly had to receive a majority of votes cast in the election and not simply a majority of the votes cast on the proposed amendment.  Of the 30 amendments that failed during this period, 19 would have been adopted but for this supermajority requirement.

 

1857-1908 Table of Proposed Ohio Constitutional Amendments and Votes

1850s      1860s      1870s      1880s      1890s      1900s      1910s      1920s      1930s      1940s      1950s      1960s      1970s      1980s      1990s      2000s      2010s

Date of
Election

 

Proposed by

Subject

(and link to the ballot text, where available)

Art. & Sec. Affected

Result

Votes

1857          

10-13-1857

GA

Annual Sessions of the General Assembly

II:25

Failed*

yeas 151,202
nays 31,890

10-13-1857

GA

Changes to District Courts

IV:5,6

Failed*

yeas 156,646
nays 30,039

10-13-1857

GA

Equal Taxation for Banks and Individuals

XII:2,3

Failed*

yeas 160,470
nays 20,609

10-13-1857

GA

Grant General Assembly Greater Control over Corporations

XIII:1,2

Failed*

yeas 123,229
nays 35,973

10-13-1857

GA

Single Legislative Districts

XI

Failed*

yeas 147,260
nays 32,657

1859          

10-11-1859

GA

Annual Sessions of the General Assembly

II:25

Failed*

yeas 101,178
nays 75,394

1867          

10-8-1867

GA

Deny right to vote to Union draft doggers and deserters, and persons who fought for Confederacy

V:1

Failed

yeas 216,987
nays 255,340

1874          

8-18-1874

CC

Adopt new constitution to replace 1851 Constitution

 

Failed

yeas 102,885
nays 250,169

8-18-1874

CC

Minority representation on Supreme Court and circuit courts

 

Failed

yeas 73,615
nays 259,415

8-18-1874

CC

Aid to railroads

 

Failed

yeas 45,416
neas 296,658

8-18-1874

CC

License of liquor traffic

 

Failed

yeas 172,252
nays 179,538

1875          

10-12-1875

GA

Commission to help dispose of Supreme Court's case backlog

IV:22

Approved

yeas 339,076
nays 98,561

10-12-1875

GA

Provide for tax on dogs

XII:7

Failed*

yeas 278,005
nays 73,801

1877          

10-9-1877

GA

Reorganize court system

IV:1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18; XI:12, 13

Failed

yeas 54,896
nays 268,478

1879          

10-14-1879

GA

Modify district court organization

IV:3, 5

Failed

yeas 159,630
nays 163,639

10-14-1879

GA

Change time for the election of members of the General Assembly

II:2[a]

Failed*

yeas166,285
nays 158,642

10-14-1879

GA

Change time for the election of state officers

III:1[a]

Failed*

yeas 162,728
nays 155,257

10-14-1879

GA

Change time for the election of township trustees

X:4[a]

Failed*

yeas 197,223
nays 130,455

1883          

10-9-1883

GA

Replace district courts with circuit courts; modify organization of Supreme Court

IV:1, 2, 5,6

Approved

yeas 400,919
nays 144,335

10-9-1883

GA

Regulation and taxation of liquor traffic  [b]

 

Failed

yeas 99,238
nays 288,605

10-9-1883

GA

Prohibit manufacture of and traffic in liquor  [b]

 

Failed

yeas 323,129
nays 226,595

1885          

10-13-1885

GA

Change election day to 1st  Tuesday after 1st Monday in November for members of the General Assembly

II:2[c]

Approved

yeas 538,858
nays 53,177

10-13-1885

GA

Change election day to 1st  Tuesday after 1st Monday in November

III:1[c]

Approved

yeas 536,273
nays 53,223

10-13-1885

GA

Change election day to 1st  Tuesday after 1st Monday in November for county officers

X:2[c]

Approved

yeas 534,660
nays 53,629

10-13-1885

GA

Provide 3-year terms for township officers

X:4

Approved

yeas 469,113
nays 59,929

1889          

11-5-1889

GA

Apportion General Assembly into single districts

XI:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

Failed

yeas 245,444
nays 259,420

11-5-1889

GA

Re: taxing power of General Assembly

XII:2

Failed

yeas 245,438
nays 273,268

11-5-1889

GA

Provide for biennial elections

II:25; III:18; IV:2, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 16; VIII:12; X:2, 4; XVI:3

Failed*

yeas 257,662
nays 254,215

1891          

11-3-1891

GA

Taxation of real estate, and tangible and intangible personal property; exemptions

XII:2

Failed*

yeas 303,177
nays 65,014

1893          

11-7-1893

GA

Apportion General Assembly into single district

XI:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

Failed*

yeas 322,887
nays 81,481

11-7-1893

GA

Taxation of real estate, and tangible and intangible personal property; exemptions

XII:2

Failed*

yeas 322,422
nays 82,281

1903          

11-3-1903

GA

Classify cities as 1st, 2nd and 3rd class by population

XIII:6

Failed

yeas 21,664
nays 32,110

11-3-1903

GA

Stockholders liable only for unpaid stock

XIII:3

Approved

yeas 751,783
nays 29,383

11-3-1903

GA

Classification of property for tax purposes

XII:2

Failed*

yeas 326,622
nays 43,563

11-3-1903

GA

Confer veto power on Governor

II:16

Approved

yeas 458,681
nays 338,317

11-3-1903

GA

Apportionment of General Assembly giving each county at least one representative

XI:2

Approved

yeas 757,505
nays 26,497

1905          

11-7-1905

GA

Election of state and county officers in even years, other officers in odd years; terms; vacancies; incumbents

XVII:1, 2, 3

Approved

yeas 702,699
nays 90,762

11-7-1905

GA

Taxation; state, local and school bonds exempt

XII:2

Approved

yeas 655,508
nays 139,062

1908          

11-3-1908

GA

Modify Governor's veto power

II:16, 18

Failed*

yeas 323,770
nays 61,754

11-3-1908

GA

When sessions of General Assembly to begin

II:25

Failed*

yeas 328,362
nays 63,006

11-3-1908

GA

General Assembly's power to tax; classification of property for taxation

XII:2

Failed*

yeas 339,747
nays 95,867

 

1912 - Table of Proposed Ohio Constitutional Amendments and Votes

Date of
Election

 

Proposed by

Subject

(and link to the ballot text, where available)

Art. & Sec. Affected

Result

Votes

1912          

9-3-1912 [d]

CC

Remove double liability of stockholders; inspection of private banks. 

XIII:3

Approved

yeas 377,272
nays 156,688

9-3-1912

CC

Provide for land title registration and warranty. 

II:40

Approved

yeas 346,373
nays 171,807

9-3-1912

CC

Investigations by each house of General Assembly.

II:8

Approved

yeas 348,779
nays 175,337

9-3-1912

CC

Mandate direct primaries for most elective offices. 

V:7

Approved

yeas 349,801
nays 183,112

9-3-1912

CC

Provide for laws re: work hours, minimum wage, and comfort, health, safety and general welfare of employees. 

II:34

Approved

yeas 353,588
nays 189,728

9-3-1912

CC

Provide alternate procedure for removal of officials for misconduct. 

II:38

Approved

yeas 347,333
nays 185,986

9-3-1912

CC

Prohibit limiting wrongful death damages.

I:19a

Approved

yeas 355,605
nays 195,216

9-3-1912

CC

Regulate expert testimony in criminal cases. 

II:39

Approved

yeas 336,987
nays 185,458

9-3-1912

CC

Allow civil verdicts on concurrence of 3/4 of jury. 

I:5

Approved 

yeas 345,686
nays 203,953

9-3-1912

CC

Regulate state printing.

XV:2

Approved

yeas 319,612
nays 192,378

9-3-1912

CC

Governor to limit purpose of special session of General Assembly. 

III:8

Approved

yeas319,100
nays 192,130

9-3-1912

CC

Promote conservation of natural resources. 

II:36

Approved

yeas 318,192
nays 191,893

9-3-1912

CC

Regulate insurance. 

VIII:6

Approved

yeas 321,388
nays 196,628

9-3-1912

CC

Abolish prison contract labor. 

II:41

Approved

yeas 333,034
nays 215,208

9-3-1912

CC

Provide for workmen's compensation system.  

II:35

Approved

yeas 321,558
nays 211,772

9-3-1912

CC

Adopt civil service; competitive examinations; merit promotion. 

XV:10

Approved

yeas 306,767
nays 204,580

9-3-1912

CC

Require 8-hour day on public works. 

II:37

Approved

yeas 333,308
nays 232,899

9-3-1912

CC

Allow waiver of sovereign immunity. 

I:16

Approved

yeas 306,764
nays 216,634

9-3-1912

CC

Regulate corporations; sale of personal property. 

XIII:2

Approved

yeas 300,466
nays 212,704

9-3-1912

CC

Provide for municipal home rule. 

XVIII:1-14

Approved

yeas 301,861
nays 215,120

9-3-1912

CC

Organization of boards of education. 

VI:3

Approved

yeas 298,460
nays 213,337

9-3-1912

CC

License liquor traffic. 

XV:9

Approved

yeas 273,361
nays 188,825

9-3-1912

CC

Abolish board of public works. 

VIII:12

Approved

yeas 296,635
nays 214,829

9-3-1912

CC

Adopt initiative and referendum. 

II:1, 1a-1g

Approved

yeas 312,592
nays 231,312

9-3-1912

CC

Common pleas judge for each county.

IV:3, 7, 12, 15

Approved

yeas 301,891
nays 223,287

9-3-1912

 

Allow depositions in criminal cases and comment on defendant’s failure to testify. 

I:10

Approved

yeas 291,717
nays 227,547

9-3-1912

CC

Schedule of effective dates. 

Schedules

Approved

yeas 275,062
nays 213,979

9-3-1912

CC

Permit mechanics' and materialmen's liens. 

II:33

Approved

yeas 278,582
nays 242,385

9-3-1912

CC

Modify Governor's veto power. 

II:16

Approved

yeas 282,412
nays 254,186

9-3-1912

CC

Methods of amending constitution.

XVI:1, 2, 3

Approved

yeas 271,827
nays 246,687

9-3-1912

CC

Reorganize court system; substitute courts of appeals for circuit courts.  

IV:1, 2, 6

Approved

yeas 264,922
nays 244,375

9-3-1912

CC

Taxation; state and local government bonds; inheritance, income, franchise, and severance taxes. 

XII:1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

Approved

yeas 269,039
nays 249,864

9-3-1912

CC

Abolish justices of peace in certain cities 

IV:9

Approved

yeas 264,832
nays 252,936

9-3-1912

CC

Superintendent of public instruction to replace commissioner of common schools 

VI:4

Approved

yeas 256,615
nays 251,946

9-3-1912

CC

Regulate outdoor advertising. 

XV:11

Failed

yeas 261,361
nays 262,440

9-3-1912

CC

Expand bonded debt limit for intercounty roads.  

VIII:1

Failed

yeas 272,564
nays 274,582

9-3-1912

 

Limit contempt proceedings and injunctions in labor cases.

IV:21

Failed

yeas 240,896
nays 257,302

9-3-1912

CC

Allow women to hold certain offices.

XV:4

Failed

yeas 261,806
nays 284,370

9-3-1912

CC

Delete word "white" from voter qualifications. 

V:1

Failed

yeas 242,735
nays 265,693

9-3-1912

CC

Abolish capital punishment. 

I:9

Failed

yeas 258,706
nays 303,246

9-3-1912

CC

Allow use of voting machines. 

V:2

Failed

yeas 242,342
nays 288,652

9-3-1912

CC

Give women right to vote

V:1

Failed

yeas 249,420
nays 336,875

 

1913- 1969 Table of Proposed Ohio Constitutional Amendments

Date of
Election

 

Proposed by

Subject

(and link to the ballot text, where available)

Art. & Sec. Affected

Result

Votes

1913          

11-4-1913

GA

Short ballot for state officers

III:1, 2, 3

Failed

yeas 239,126
nays 461,555

11-4-1913

GA

Short ballot for county and township officers

X:1, 2

Failed

yeas 217,875
nays 449,493

11-4-1913

GA

Exempt state and local bonds from taxation

XII:12 

Failed

yeas 312,232
nays 340,570

11-4-1913

GA

Women eligible to serve on boards or commissions affecting women and children

XV:4

Approved

yeas 435,222
nays 255,036

11-4-1913

IP

Provide for smaller legislature

XI:1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Failed

yeas 240,237
nays 418,114

1914          

11-3-1914

IP

Home rule re: liquor

XV:9a

Approved

yeas 559,872
nays 547,254

11-3-1914

IP

Limit tax rate; classification of property for taxation

XIX:1, 2

Failed

yeas 223,873
nays 551,760

11-3-1914

IP

Give women right to vote

V:1

Failed

yeas 335,390
nays 518,295

11-3-1914

IP

Prohibit manufacture, importation and sale of alcoholic beverages

XV:9

Failed

yeas 504,177
nays 588,329

1915          

11-2-1915

IP

Prohibit manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages

XV:9

Failed

yeas 484,969
nays 540,377

11-2-1915

IP

4-year elective terms for all county officers; retroactive re: incumbents

X:2

Failed

yeas 207,435
nays 604,463

11-2-1915

IP

Limit elections on twice failed constitutional  amendments

XVI:4

Failed

yeas 417,384
nays 482,275

11-2-1915

GA

Exempt state and local bonds from taxation

XII:12

Failed

yeas 337,124
nays 401,083

1917          

11-6-1917

IP

Prohibit manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquor

XI:9

Failed

yeas 522,590
nays 588,382

1918          

11-5-1918

IP

Referendum; voters may approve/reject action of legislature ratifying any proposed amendment to US Constitution

II:1

Approved

yeas 508,282
nays 315,030

11-5-1918

IP

Prohibit manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages

XV:9

Approved

yeas 463,354
nays 437,895

11-5-1918

IP

General Assembly to classify property for taxation

XII:2

Approved[e]

yeas 336,616
nays 304,399

11-5-1918

GA

General Assembly may provide against double taxation of real estate and mortgage or secured debt on real estate

XII:2

Approved[e]

yeas 479,420
nays 371,176

1919          

11-4-1919

IP

Define the phrase "intoxicating liquor"

XV:1, 9

Failed

yeas 474,907
nays 504,688

11-4-1919

IP

Repeal statewide prohibition

XV:9

Failed

yeas 454,933
nays 496,876

11-4-1919

GA

Classification of property for taxation

XII:2

Failed

yeas 439,987
nays 517,245

1921          

11-8-1921

GA

Provide for veterans’ bonuses

VIII:2a

Approved

yeas 949,109
nays 324,447

11-8-1921

GA

Reapportion General Assembly with 26 senate districts

XI:7

Failed

yeas 336,574
nays 518,524

11-8-1921

GA

Authorize poll tax

XII:1

Failed

yeas 244,509
nays 672,581

1922          

11-7-1922

IP

Permit low-alcohol (2.75%) beverages

XV:1, 9

Failed

yeas 719,050
nays 908,522

11-7-1922

IP

Provide for debt limit for political subdivisions

VIII:13

Failed

yeas 499,203
nays 691,471

11-7-1922

IP

Provide unvoted tax rate of 15 mills; limit state tax rate to 1 mill

XII:1

Failed

yeas 475,740
nays 720,237

1923          

11-6-1923

GA

Expand Industrial Commission's power re: workmen's compensation

II:35

Approved

yeas 588,851
nays 528,572

 

GA

Delete "white male" from voter qualifications

V:1

Approved

yeas 536,762
nays 421,744

 

GA

Authorize notice by publication of proposed constitutional amendments and laws

II:1g

Failed

yeas 351,513
nays 493,786

1925          

11-3-1925

GA

Debt restrictions on political subdivisions

VIII:13

Failed

yeas 450,218
nays 535,251

11-3-1925

GA

Taxation by uniform rule of real estate and tangible property except motor vehicles

XII:2

Failed

yeas 435,944
nays 501,221

11-3-1925

GA

4-year terms for state and county officers

III:2; X:2, 3; XVII:2

Failed  

yeas 325,451
nays 543,183

1926          

8-10-1926

GA

Authorize municipalities to levy assessments for entire cost of public improvements

XVIII:11

Failed

yeas 234,754
nays 352,301

11-2-1926

IP

Eliminate compulsory    primaries

V:7, 8

Failed

yeas 405,152
nays 743,313

1928          

11-6-1928

IP

Revise judges’  compensation

IV:14

Failed

yeas 704,248
nays 1,197,324

1929          

11-5-1929

GA

15-mill limit on unvoted real estate taxes

XII:2, 3

Approved

yeas 710,538
nays 510,874

1930          

11-4-1930

GA

Distribution of income and inheritance taxes

XII:9

Approved

yeas 930,914
nays 574,017

1931          

11-3-1931

GA

Permit state to contract debts for welfare institutions

VIII:2b

Failed

yeas 487,459
nays 766,057

1933          

11-7-1933

GA

Repeal of statewide prohibition

XV:9

Approved

yeas 1,250,923
nays 578,035

11-7-1933

IP

10-mill limit on unvoted real estate taxes

XII:2

Approved

yeas 979,061
nays 661,151

11-7-1933

IP

Home rule for counties

IV:16; X:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Approved

yeas 846,594
nays 742,925

1934          

11-6-1934

IP

No taxation of motor vehicles on which license tax paid; restrictions on license use

XII:5a

Failed

yeas 825,157
nays 883,373

11-6-1934

IP

Motor vehicle fuel taxes; use

XII:5b

Failed

yeas 760,589
nays 859,525

1936          

11-3-1936

GA

Eliminate additional liability of stockholders of banking and other depository corporations

XIII:3

Approved

yeas 1,078,170
nays 824,968

11-3-1936

IP

Prohibit sales tax on food for consumption off premises

XII:12

Approved

yeas 1,585,327
nays 719,966

1938          

11-8-1938

IP

Appoint instead of elect Supreme Court and court of appeals judges

IV:1, 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e, 1f, 1g, 2, 6, 10, 13, 14, 15, 18

Failed

yeas 621,011
nays 1,237,443

1939          

11-7-1939

GA

Changes re State Board of Education

IV:4

Failed

yeas 747,545
nays 1,137,054

11-7-1939

IP

Re old age pensions

XII:13

Failed

yeas 464,670
nays 1,546,207

11-7-1939

IP

Change requirements for initiative petitions

II:1h

Failed

yeas 406,612
nays 1,485,919

1942          

11-3-1942

GA

Re: vacancies in judicial office

IV:13

Approved

yeas 954,704
nays 448,981

1944          

11-7-1944

GA

Permit temporary or substitute judges in the Supreme Court

IV:2

Approved

yeas 1,429,635
nays 611,276

11-7-1944

GA

Re jurisdiction of courts of appeals

IV:6

Approved

yeas 1,279,216
nays 633,813

1947          

11-4-1947

GA

Provide veterans’ bonuses

VIII:2b

Approved

yeas 1,497,804
nays 478,701

11-4-1947

GA

6-year term for probate judges; delete requirement that compensation be paid from county treasury

IV:7; XVII:2

Approved

yeas 855,106
nays 692,061

11-4-1947

GA

Expand Sinking Fund Commission to include Governor and Treasurer of State

VIII:8

Approved

yeas 782,158
nays 762,129

11-4-1947

IP

Limit use of motor vehicle license and fuel taxes for road and related purposes

XII:5a

Approved

yeas 1,037,650
nays 669,718

1949          

11-8-1949

GA

Permit more than one probate judge per county

IV:7

Failed

yeas 874,291
nays 876,647

11-8-1949

IP

Adopt office-type ballot

V:2a

Approved

yeas 1,007,693 
nays 750,206

1951

11-6-1951

GA

Permit more than one probate judge per county

IV:7

Approved

yeas 875,083
nays 696,672

1953

11-3-1953

GA

Authorize bond issue for highway system

VIII:2c

Approved

yeas 1,035,869
nays 676,496

11-3-1953

GA

Create State Board of Education with power to appoint Superintendent of Public Instruction

VI:4

Approved

yeas 913,134
nays 693,624

11-3-1953

GA

Delete "white" re: males eligible or required to serve in state militia IX:1 Approved

yeas 905,059
nays 650,567

11-3-1953

GA

Eliminate conflicts with US Constitution II:1, 27 Approved

yeas 1,004,862
nays 405,210

11-3-1953

GA

Eliminate obsolete provisions re: eligibility of women for office

XV:4

Approved

yeas 1,092,268
nays 500,380

11-3-1953

GA

Adjusted compensation for WWI veterans

VIII:2a Approved

yeas 984,014
nays 616,113

11-3-1953

GA

Repeal provision for electing militia officers IX:2 Approved

yeas 755,725
nays 622,245

11-3-1953

GA

Repeal obsolete provisions re: 1851 commission to modernize court procedure

XIV:1, 2, 3 Approved

yeas 789,511
nays 541,477

11-3-1953

GA

Repeal obsolete provision re: incumbents in office in 1905 XVII:3 Approved

yeas 835,195
nays 493,099

1954

11-2-1954

GA

4-year terms for Governor, Lt Governor, Attorney General and Secretary of State; limit Governor to two successive terms III:2; XVII:1, 2 Approved

yeas 1,165,650 nays 933,716

11-2-1954

GA

4-year terms for senators and representatives

XI:1, 3, 6, 9, 10, 11 Failed

yeas 945,373
nays 1,081,099

1955

11-8-1955 GA Authorize bond issue for construction program for public buildings (poor quality image) VIII:2e Approved

yeas 1,154,976
nays 909,030

11-8-1955 GA

Permit officer's compensation to be changed during term

II:20 Failed

yeas 793,384
nays 1,142,738

11-8-1955 GA

Permit judge's compensation to be changed during term (poor quality image)

IV:14 Failed

yeas 849,677
nays 1,107,646

1956

11-6-1956 GA

Korean veterans’ bonuses

VIII:2d Approved

yeas 2,202,510
nays 889,245

11-6-1956 GA

4-year terms for state Senators

II:2; XI:1, 6, 9, 10, 11 Approved

yeas 1,636,449
nays 1,214,643

1957

1-5-1957 GA

Permit appointment to   state offices of persons not qualified as electors

XV:4 Failed

yeas 696,372
nays 1,040,638

11-5-1957 GA

Allow new Ohio residents to vote for President and Vice President

V:1 Approved

yeas 1.072,396
nays 658,244

11-5-1957 GA

Permit adoption of county charters

X:3 Approved

yeas 832,912
nays 799,094

1958

11-4-1958

GA

Permit county voters to form metropolitan federations

X:5

Failed

yeas 1,108,383
nays 1,410,277

11-4-1958

IP

Forbid closed-shop union contracts  (so-called "right to work" amendment)

I:1a

Failed

yeas 1,160,324
nays 2,001,512

1959          

11-3-1959

GA

Remove limitation on     extra-territorial sale of water and sewer services by municipalities

XVIII:6

Approved

yeas 1,085,378
nays 775,610

11-3-1959

GA

Permit General Assembly to increase number of court of appeals judges in districts where needed

IV:6

Approved

yeas 1,028,914
nays 809,957

1961

11-7-1961

GA

Change method of filling vacancies in General Assembly(poor image quality)

II:2

Approved

yeas 1,251,105
nays 650,064

11-7-1961

GA

Continuity of state government in case of attack
(poor image quality)

II:42

Approved

yeas 1,394,429
nays 516,992

11-7-1961

GA

Increase militia age limits; calling militia in disaster; conform to federal law (poor image quality)

IX:1, 3, 4

Approved

yeas 947,130
nays 944,705

11-7-1961

GA

Provide for advice and consent of Senate re: appointments to office (poor image quality)

III:21

Approved

yeas 1,168,831
nays 642,512

1962          

11-6-1962

IP

Limit state's power re: Sunday closing laws Ballot Text on Microform

 

I:21

Failed

yeas 1,274,792
nays 1,697,433

1963          

11-5-1963

GA

Authorize bond issue for public improvements

VIII:2f 

Approved

yeas 1,397,971
nays 922,687

1964          

5-5-1964

GA

Authorize bond issue for highways

VIII:2g

Approved

yeas 1,011,817
nays 538,684

1965          

5-4-1965

GA

Guarantee college loans for Ohio residents

VI:5

Approved

yeas 847,927
nays 438,945

5-4-1965

GA

Authorize bond issue for state development

VIII:2h

Approved

yeas 715,642
nays 548,557

5-4-1965

GA

Revise apportionment of Ohio House

XI:1, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 11

Failed

yeas 595,288
nays 681,283

5-4-1965

GA

Guarantee loans for industrial development

VIII:13

Approved

yeas 711,031
nays 542,802

11-2-1965

GA

Authorize same judge to serve more than one court in counties under 40,000

IV:23

Approved

yeas 1,194,966
nays 1,073,671

11-2-1965

GA

Create urban service authority

X:5, 6

Failed

yeas 892,657
nays 1,346,597

1967          

5-2-1967

GA

Create Ohio Bond Commission

VIII:21

Failed

yeas 508,364
nays 1,022,078

5-2-1967

GA

Change apportionment of Ohio House and Senate

II:3; XI:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Failed

yeas 699,021
nays 850,068

11-7-1967

GA

Apportion Ohio House and Senate into single- member districts

II:2, 3; XI:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15

Approved

yeas 1,315,736
nays 908,010

1968          

5-7-1968

GA

Disposition of school and ministerial lands trust funds

VI:

Approved

yeas 847,861
nays 695,368

5-7-1968

GA

Filling vacancies in Ohio House

II:11

Approved

yeas 1,020,500
nays 487,938

5-7-1968

GA

Revise administration and organization of Ohio court system (so-called "Modern Courts Amendment")

IV:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 14; XI:12, 13

Approved

yeas 925,481
nays 556,530

11-5-1968

GA

Authorize bond issue for highways and other capital improvements

VIII:2i

Approved

yeas 1,732,512
nays 1,550,959

11-5-1968

GA

Taxation; homestead exemption

XII:2

Failed

yeas 1,382,016
nays 1,825,615

1969          

11-4-1969

GA

Lower voting age from 21 to 19

V:1

Failed

yeas 1,226,592
nays 1,274,334

11-4-1969

GA

Dispense with short-term elections to fill vacancies

III:18; XVII:2

Approved

yeas 1,432,960
nays 795,813

 

1970 - 1999 Table of Proposed Ohio Constitutional Amendments

Date of Election Proposed by

Subject

(and link to the ballot text, where available)

Art. & Sec. Affected Result Votes
1970          

11-3-1970

GA

Real estate tax  homestead reduction for residents 65 and older

XII:2

Approved

yeas 2,115,557
nays 711,761

11-3-1970

GA

Reduce voter residence requirement from 1 year to 6 months

V:1

Approved

yeas 1,702,600 nays1,073,058

11-3-1970

GA

Permit notice by publication instead of mail of proposed municipal charter amendments

XVIII:9

Approved

yeas 1,326,818
nays 1,212,814

1971          

11-2-1971

GA

Require notice by publication instead of mail of constitutional amendments or laws proposed or referred by initiative and referendum

II:1g

Approved

yeas 1,645,961
nays 900,549

1972          

11-7-1972

IP

Re: levy or increase in income tax (except municipal income tax) without voter approval

XII:8

Failed

yeas 1,164,653
nays 2,571,516

1973          

5-8-1973

GA

Authorize state lottery

XV:6

Approved

yeas 973,956
nays 547,655

5-8-1973

GA

Allow taking before payment in appropriation of property for water and sewer purposes

I:19

Failed

yeas 405,035
nays 993,245

5-8-1973

GA

Repeal disqualification from office for embezzling public funds; delete requirement re: accounting for public funds before taking legislative seat

II:5

Failed

yeas 530,232
nays 848,743

5-8-1973

GA

Repeal provision for commission to help dispose of Supreme Court's case backlog

IV:22

Failed

yeas 563,919
nays 692,623

5-8-1973

GA

Method of amending Supreme Court rules of     practice and procedure

IV:5

Failed

yeas 580,106
nays 679,223

5-8-1973

GA

Re: compensation of judges

IV:6

Failed

yeas 646,384
nays 677,787

5-8-1973

GA

Revise organization, administration and procedures of General Assembly

II:4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 14, 15,  16, 17, 18, 19, 25

Approved

yeas 680,870
nays 572,980

11-6-1973

GA

Tax valuation of farmland according to agricultural use, p1, p2 (also Ballot Text on Microform)

II:36

Approved

yeas 1,810,630
nays 567,189

11-6-1973

GA

Authorize General Assembly to provide for amount of income exempt from taxation (also Ballot Text on Microform)

XII:8

Approved

yeas 1,299,882
nays 883,123

11-6-1973

GA

, Re: court organization and administration ,  (also Ballot Text on Microform)

IV:1, 4, 5, 6

Approved

yeas 1,317,379
nays 778,466

11-6-1973

GA

Vietnam veterans’ bonuses, p. 1, p. 2  (also Ballot Text on Microform)

VIII:2j

Approved

yeas 1,650,120
nays 647,629

1974          

5-7-1974

GA

Re: compensation of public officers and legislators, p.1, p.2, Ballot Text on Microform

II:20, 31

Failed

yeas 611,726
nays 747,518

5-7-1974

GA

Allow compensation increases for public officers with more than 2 years remaining in  term Ballot Text on Microform

II:20a

Failed

yeas 365,921
nays 992,978

5-7-1974

GA

Preparing ballot language and informing voters re: proposed constitutional amendments, p.1, p.2, Ballot Text on Microfilm

XVI: 1

Approved

yeas 964,885
nays 376,022

11-5-1974

GA

Real estate tax  homestead reduction for disabled Ballot Text on Microform

 

Approved

yeas 2,266,355
nays 492,813

11-5-1974

GA

Repeal requirement that Governor appoint Public Works Superintendent for 1-year term Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:12

Approved

yeas 1,463,408
nays 995,748

11-5-1974

GA

Re industrial development revenue bonds and loan guarantee programs Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:13

Approved

yeas 1,613,444
nays 882,778

1975          

11-4-1975

IP

Authorize tax incentives to industrial plants, p.1, p.2Ballot Text on Microform

XII:13

Failed

yeas 573,874
nays 2,164,957

11-4-1975

IP

Authorize bond issue for highway purposes, payable from gas tax, other highway funds, and general revenue, p.1, p.2, Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:2k

Failed

yeas 439,041
nays 2,304,854

11-4-1975

IP

Re: providing state, county or municipal assistance for housing and health care, p.1, p.2, Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:14

Failed

yeas 869,437
nays 1,882,454

11-4-1975

IP

Authorize bond issue for capital improvements and other improvements in political subdivisions, payable from increased sales and use taxes and general revenue, p.1, p.2, p.3 Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:21

Failed

yeas 487,326
nays 2,219,093

11-4-1975

GA

Tax valuation of recreational land according to., p.1, p.2, Ballot Text on Microform

II:36a

Failed

yeas 1,014,425
nays 1,539,423

11-4-1975

GA

Give candidates reasonably equal treatment on ballot, by name rotation or otherwise, p.1, p.2, Ballot Text on Microform

V:2a

Approved

yeas 1,619,219
nays 915,599

11-4-1975

GA

Voters to elect  delegates to national party conventions Ballot Text on Microform

V:7

Approved

yeas 1,653,931
nays 906,156

11-4-1975

GA

State or subdivisions or agencies may lend credit to federal or state agencies to reorganize state rail system; tax reduction for railroad property, p.1, p.2, Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:14

Failed

yeas 871,726
nays 1,614,597

11-4-1975

GA

Permit charitable bingo Ballot Text on Microform

XV:6

Approved

yeas 1,405,453
nays 1,205,009

1976          

6-8-1976

GA

Require joint election of Governor and Lt Governor; revise Lt Governor's duties Ballot Text on Microform

III:1a, 1b, 16; V:2a

Approved

yeas 1,085,175
nays 689,244

6-8-1976

GA

Provide rail transportation services Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:14

Failed

yeas 775,697
nays 953,322

6-8-1976

GA

Authorize bonds for conservation of energy and energy resources Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:13

Failed

yeas 819,424
nays 833,454

6-8-1976

GA

Re qualifications of electors; remove unconstitutional and unnecessary language Ballot Text on Microform

V:1, 3, 4, 5

Approved

yeas 975,916
nays 743,060

6-8-1976

GA

Re: elections, terms of   office, and vacancies; remove unnecessary language, p.1, p.2, Ballot Text on Microform

XVII:1, 2

Approved

yeas 954,446
nays 668,159

6-8-1976

GA

Permit political subdivisions to pay debt from sources other than tax levies; specify property  tax limitations Ballot Text on Microform

XII:7, 11

Failed

yeas 675,012
nays 890,896

6-8-1976

GA

Require at least 50% of estate taxes to be returned to political subdivisions Ballot Text on Microform

XII:4, 9

Approved

yeas 951,310
nays 699,823

6-8-1976

GA

Consolidate provisions for imposing taxes; clarify language Ballot Text on Microform

XII:3, 7, 8, 10, 12

Approved

yeas 918,450
nays 712,489

11-2-1976

IP

Limit rates for gas and electricity furnished to residential consumers Ballot Text on Microform

XIX

Failed

yeas 1,247,388
nays 2,334,816

11-2-1976

IP

Representation of residential consumers re: utility regulatory actions Ballot Text on Microform

XX

Failed

yeas 1,092,781
nays 2,557,265

11-2-1976

IP

Procedures for  legislative hearings and approval of safety features for nuclear power plants Ballot Text on Microform

XV:11

Failed

yeas 1,150,360
nays 2,462,000

11-2-1976

IP

Simplify initiative and referendum procedures Ballot Text on Microform

II:1, 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e, 1f,  1g; XIV

Failed

yeas 1,175,410
nays 2,407,960

11-2-1976

GA

Succession in case of disability or vacancy in office of Governor or Lt Governor Ballot Text on Microform

III:15, 16, 17

Approved

yeas 2,388,184
nays 1,048,967

11-2-1976

GA

Repeal obsolete provisions on public     printing, dueling, and Bureau of Statistics Ballot Text on Microform

XV:2, 5, 8

Approved

yeas 2,284,178
nays 1,129,165

11-2-1976

GA

Re: declaration of election results for     state officers at next regular General Assembly session Ballot Text on Microform

III:3, 4

Approved

yeas 2,297,422
nays 1,103,822

1977          

11-8-1977

IP

Person entitled to vote if registered for 30 days; elector failing to vote at least once in 4 years must re-register, p.1, p.2, Ballot Text on Microform

V:1

Approved

yeas 1,964,361
nays 1,225,852

11-8-1977

IP

Prohibit leghold or other traps causing prolonged suffering Ballot Text on Microform

XIX

Failed

yeas 1,169,068
nays 2,027,642

11-8-1977

GA

Authorize state and political subdivisions to lend aid and credit and issue bonds for housing, p.1, p.2, p.3 Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:14

Failed

yeas 1,120,885
nays 1,773,779

11-8-1977

GA

Revise limitations on state debt, p.1, p.2, p.3, p.4, Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:1, 2, 2b, 2c, 2d, 2e, 2f, 2g, 2h, 3, 7, 9, 10; XII:6

Failed

yeas 759,327
nays 1,999,791

1978          

6-6-1978

GA

Ballot Board to write language for state issues; advertising proposals; initiative and referendum petitions, p.1, p.2, Ballot Text on Microform

II:1g

Approved

yeas 720,661
nays 379,067

11-7-1978

GA

Modify procedures to adopt, amend or repeal county charter, p.1, p.2, p.3, Ballot Text on Microform

X:4

Approved

yeas 1,297,846
nays 1,039,259

11-7-1978

GA

General Assembly to regulate prison labor; remove constitutional restrictions on sale of

prison-made goods, p.1, p.2, Ballot Text on Microform

II:41

Approved

yeas 1,281,941
nays 1,083,814

1980          

6-3-1980

GA

Authorize public financing and operation of electric utilities through non-profit corporations

Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:14

Failed

yeas 793,256
nays 1,124,596

6-3-1980

GA

State and subdivisions may borrow money to subsidize private, low cost housing

Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:14 or 15

Failed

yeas 797,020
nays 1,137,028

6-3-1980

GA

Authorize bond issue for highway improvements

Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:2k

Failed

yeas 815,011
nays 1,084,438

6-3-1980

GA

Change method for delivering proposed municipal or county charters or amendments to voters

Ballot Text on Microform

X:4; XVIII:8

Failed

yeas 868,199
nays 956,204

11-4-1980

GA

Authorize General Assembly to classify real property for taxation

(Ballot Text on Microform)

XII:2a 

Approved

yeas 1,973,344
nays 1,751,277

1981          

11-3-1981

IP

Authorize private companies to sell workers’ compensation insurance

II:35

Failed

yeas 572,227
nays 3,000,028

11-3-1981

IP

Change apportionment methods for General Assembly and congressional districts

II:2; XI

Failed

yeas 1,093,485
nays 1,513,502

1982          

11-2-1982

GA

Authorize bonds to subsidize low cost housing

Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:14

Approved

yeas 1,827,453
nays 1,356,336

11-2-1982

GA

High speed rail system financed by 1% sales tax

Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:14

Failed

yeas 708,605
nays 2,420,593

11-2-1982

IP

Members of Public Utilities Commission to be elected; public financing of campaigns

Ballot Text on Microform

XIX

Failed

yeas 1,053,274
nays 2,175,893

1983          

11-8-1983

IP

Raise drinking age to 21 Ballot Text on Microform

XV:11

Failed  

yeas 1,386,959
nays 1,965,469

11-8-1983

IP

Require 3/5 majority of General Assembly to raise taxes Ballot Text on Microform

II:15

Failed

yeas 1,354,320
nays 1,967,129

11-8-1983

IP

Repeal all taxes Approved since 1982 Ballot Text on Microform

XII:3a

Failed

yeas 1,452,061
nays 1,883,270

1985          

11-5-1985

GA

Authorize bond issue to finance coal research Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:15

Approved

yeas 1,439,344
nays 807,647

1987          

11-3-1987

GA

Entire net proceeds of   state lottery to be used for support of education Ballot Text on Microform

XV:6

Approved

yeas 1,984,905
nays 564,421

11-3-1987

GA

Permit state to finance or assist local governments to improve roads, water, sewer, and waste collection and treatment facilities Ballot Text on Microform

VIII:2k

Approved

yeas 1,674,913
nays 689,383

11-3-1987

IP

Appoint instead of elect Supreme Court and court of appeals judges Ballot Text on Microform

IV:6, 7, 13

Failed

yeas 878,683
nays1,600,588

1989          

11-7-1989

GA

Method for filling vacancy in office of Lt Governor

III:17a

Approved

yeas 1,641,719
nays 873,114

1990          

11-6-1990

GA

Authorize public financial support for low-cost housing

VIII:16

Approved

yeas 1,705,528
nays 1,517,466

11-6-1990

GA

Extend homestead exemption to surviving spouses

XII:2

Approved

yeas 2,967,935
nays 372,950

11-6-1990

IP

License casino gambling with voter approval

XV:6

Failed

yeas 1,270,387
nays 2,098,725

1992          

11-3-1992

IP

Term limits for state senators and representatives

II:2; V:9

Approved

yeas 2,982,285
nays 1,378,009

11-3-1992

IP

Term limits for state executive branch officers other than governor

III:2; V:9

Approved

yeas 3,028,288
nays 1,349,244

11-3-1992

IP

Term limits for US senators and representatives

V:8;V:9

Approved[f]

yeas 2,897,123

nays 1,476,461

1993          

11-2-1993

GA

Authorize bond issue for capital improvements for parks, conservation and natural resources

VIII:2l 

Approved

yeas 1,547,841
nays 1.008.172

1994          

11-8-1994

GA

Protect rights of crime victims

I:10a

Approved

yeas 2,447,260
nays 704,650

11-8-1994

GA

Eliminate intermediate appeal and provide for direct appeal to Supreme Court in death penalty cases

IV:2, 3

Approved

yeas 2,199,791
nays 936,323

11-8-1994

GA

Protect viability of prepaid tuition program and prevent federal taxation of program income

VI:6

Approved

yeas 1,816,087
nays 1,191,116

11-8-1994

IP

Repeal soft drink excise tax

XII:13

Approved

yeas 2,228,874
nays 1,126,728

1995          

11-7-1995

GA

Limit Unrestricted Power of Governor to Commute Sentences

III:11

Approved

yeas 1,816,213
nays 742,590

11-7-1995

GA

Public Works and Highways; Issuance of Obligations

VIII:2m

Approved

yeas 1,408,834
nays 865,698

1996          

11-5-1996

IP

Allow river boat casino gambling

XV:6   

Failed

yeas 1,639,955
nays 2,659,076
county breakdown***

1997          

11-4-1997

GA

Denial of bail to persons charged with certain felonies

I:9

Approved

yeas 2,168,949
nays 803,658
county breakdown***

1998          

5-5-1998

GA

Authorize the state to issue bonds for school      facilities

VIII:2n,17

Failed[g]

yeas 714,823
nays 1,101,625
county breakdown***

1999          

11-2-1999

GA

Authorize the state to issue bonds for school facilities

VIII:2n , 17

Approved[g]

yeas 1,285,277
nays 828,426
county breakdown***

 

2000 - Present - Table of Proposed Ohio Constitutional Amendments

Date of Election Proposed by

Subject

(and link to the ballot text, where available)

Art. & Sec. Affected Result Votes
2000          

11-7-2000

GA

Issuance of bonds for environmental conservation

VIII:2o

Approved

yeas 2,196,068
nays 1,628,022
county breakdown***

2002          

11-5-2002

IP

Treatment in lieu of incarceration for certain drug offenders

IV:24

Failed

yeas 1,012,682
nays 2,048,770
county breakdown***

2003          

11-4-2003

GA

Authorize the state to issue bonds for science and technology

VIII:2p

Failed
 

yeas 1,195,706
nays 1,235,323
county breakdown***

2004          
11-2-2004 IP Only a union between one man and one woman may be a marriage valid in or recognized by this state and its political subdivisions. XV:11 Approved

yeas 3,329,335
nays 2,065,462
county breakdown***

2005          
11-8-2005 GA Create jobs and stimulate economic growth in Ohio. VIII:2p Approved

yeas 1,512,669
nays 1,282,571
county breakdown***

11-8-2005 IP Expand to all Ohio registered voters the option to vote up to 35 days prior to Election Day by mail or in person at the appropriate local board of elections. XVII:6 Failed

yeas 1,065,109
nays 1,840,658
county breakdown***

11-8-2005 IP To restore confidence, level the playing field and reduce the influence of big money contributors in politics by significantly limiting campaign contributions to statewide and state legislative candidates and political parties. XVII:5 Failed

yeas 955,334
nays 1,927,502
county breakdown***

11-8-2005 IP To restore competitiveness to Congressional and State legislative races in Ohio. XI Failed

yeas 871,898
nays 2,005,952
county breakdown***

11-8-2005 IP To create a bi-partisan and independent state board of elections supervisors to administer elections similar to the county boards of elections. XVII:4 Failed

yeas 854,918
nays 2,001,983
county breakdown***

2006          
11-7-2006 IP Raise the State Minimum Wage II:34a Approved

yeas 2,205,850
nays 1,687,996
county breakdown***

11-7-2006 IP Provide moneys for scholarships/education funding by permitting limited gaming. XV:12 Failed

yeas 1,753,452
nays 2,286,840
county breakdown***

11-7-2006 IP To provide a smoking ban in enclosed areas with certain exceptions. XV:12 Failed

yeas 1,450,164
nays 2,590,448
county breakdown***

2008          
11-4-2008 GA To Provide for earlier filing deadlines for statewide ballot issues (Issue One) II:1a, 1b, 1c, 1g Approved

yeas 3,261,912
nays 1,489,311
county breakdown for all 2008 issues

11-4-2008 GA To authorize the state to issue bonds to continue the Clear Ohio program for environmental revitalization and conservation (Issue Two) VIII:2q Approved

yeas 3,418,883
nays 1,530,843

11-4-2008 GA To protect private property rights in ground water, lakes and other watercourses (Issue Three) I:19b Approved

yeas 3,485,895
nays 1,359,697

11-4-2008 IP For a casino near Wilmington in Southwest Ohio and distribute to all Ohio counties a tax on the casino (Issue Six) XV:6a Failed

yeas 1,981,490
nays 3,352,931

2009          
11-3-2009 GA To Authorize the State to Issue Bonds to Provide Compensation to the Veterans of the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan and Iraq Conflicts (Issue One) VIII:2r Approved

yeas 2,277,479
nays 876,498

11-3-2009 GA To Create the Ohio Livestock Care Standards Board (Issue Two) XIV:1 Approved

yeas 2,020,804
nays 1,148,519

11-3-2009 IP

To Amend the Constitution to Allow for One Casino Each in Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus and Toledo and Distribute to All Ohio Counties a Tax on the Casinos  (Issue 3)

XV:6 Approved

yeas 1,713,255
nays 1,519,605
County Breakdown for all 2009 issues

2010

 

       
5-4-2010 GA

To Extend the Ohio Third Frontier Program by Authorizing the Issuance of Additional General Obligation Bonds to Promote Economic Growth

Ohio Issues Report May 2010

XIII:2p Approved

yeas 1,050,265
nays 650,988

County Breakdown

5-4-2010 GA

To Change the Location of the Columbus Casino Facility Authorized by Previous Statewide Vote

Ohio Issues Report May 2010

XV:6 Approved

yeas 1,154,504
nays- 534,013

County Breakdown

2011           
11-8-11  GA

 Increase Age Limit for Judicial Office

Also eliminates the authority of the GA under art IV. secs. 19 & 22 to create courts of conciliation and supreme court commissions. The former power has never been exercised, and the latter has not been exercised since the creation of the last commission in 1883.

Ohio Issues Report 2011

 IV:6,19,22

Failed

 

yeas 1,273,536
nays 2,080,207

County Breakdown

 11-8-11   IP

 Freedom to Choose Healthcare

Ohio Issues Report 2011

 Add I:21

Approved

 

yeas 2,268,470
nays 1,190,385
County Breakdown

2012          
11-6-12 IP

Ohio Citizens Independent Redistricting Commission Amendment

 Ballot Language

Add and repeal various sections in  Art. XI. Failed

yeas 1,800,073
nays 3,088.353

County Breakdown

2014
5/6/2014 GA

Capital Improvements - General Obligation Bonds

Ballot Language

Add Section 2s, Art. VIII Preliminary results show approved

yeas  797,207

nays  427,273

County Breakdown

 

Footnotes

** Text of the ballot language for these proposed amendments is available on microform: State constitutional conventions, commissions & amendments, Base Level Microforms, Drawer NN5. Also see the print index for this microform set: KF4529.S74 1989 and KF4529.S74.

***County breakdowns of votes are available on the Ohio Secretary of State's webpage back to 1996- see Election Results

a          These three amendments proposed in 1879 are not listed in Swisher,  Ohio Constitution Handbook, 597, or in the West Table of Proposed Amendments, but they are included in Patterson, The Constitutions of Ohio, 245-46.

b          The West Table of Proposed Amendments and the Swisher, Ohio Constitution Handbook do not include either of these amendments proposed in 1883.  But see Patterson, The Ohio Constitutions, 249-50.

c          The West Table of Proposed Amendments and the Swisher, Ohio Constitution Handbook list these three amendments proposed in 1885 as a single amendment, but Patterson lists them as a single amendment submitted as three separate propositions.  See Patterson, The Ohio Constitutions, 254.  The above table lists them separately since each was subject to a separate vote.

d          The above table lists the proposed amendments resulting from the 1912 Convention in order of the percentage of votes cast in favor of the amendment at the September 3, 1912, election.  The amendment removing double liability for stockholders is listed first as 71% of the electorate voted in favor of its adoption. The amendment on women’s suffrage is listed last since it received only a 43% favorable vote.

e          The voters adopted both of the proposed 1918 amendments to Article XII, section 2, and the table lists both as having been adopted.  However, the Ohio Supreme Court held that the amendment proposed by the General Assembly would take effect over the conflicting amendment proposed by initiative petition because, pursuant to Art. II, section 1b, the former received a larger number of affirmative votes.  See State ex rel. Greenlund v. Fulton, 99 Ohio St. 168, 124 N.E. 172 (1919).

f           The 1992 amendment establishing term limits for U.S. Senators and Representatives from Ohio never went into effect because the U.S. Supreme Court in U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton, 514 U.S. 779 (1995), held unconstitutional state limitations on the terms for U.S. Senators and Representatives.  This decision, however, did not address term limits for state officials, and term limits for state senators, state representatives, and state executive branch officers remain in effect.

g          The West Table of Proposed Amendments lists two separate amendments in 1998 and 1999 on school financing.  The West Table divides each year’s amendment into two parts, one dealing with facilities for schools and institutions of higher education (Art. VIII, section 2n) and one dealing with limitations on the debt issued by the state (Art. VIII, section 17).  The above table lists each year’s proposed amendments as single proposals for the years 1998 and 1999, because only one amendment each year was submitted to the voters.

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