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Sources for researching the Ohio Constitution, including new and current versions of the Ohio Constitution, constitutional conventions, information on proposed and passed amendments, Ohio Supreme Court cases, a bibliography and more.
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Statistical Tables of Amendments Proposed and Adopted Print Page
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Statistical Tables of Amendments Proposed and Adopted

These tables are updated versions of tables contained in "The Ohio State Constitution, A Reference Guide", Steven H. Steinglass & Gino J. Scarselli , KFO401 1851 .A6 S74 2004

 

Amendments Proposed and Adopted in 1912, pre and post 1912

  Proposed Adopted % Approved Amendments
per year
1852-1911 40* 11 27.5 0.18
1912 42 34 81.0 34.0
1913-2012 218 120 55.0 1.2

*This includes the three proposed amendments submitted separately to the voters in 1874 and rejected by them along with the proposed Constitution of 1874.

"The 1912 Constitutional Convention is an important dividing line in Ohio constitutional history. From the adoption of Ohio’s second constitution in 1851 to the 1912 Constitutional Convention, the voters amended the Ohio Constitution only eleven times with the most significant amendment being the 1903 provision giving the governor the veto power. In 1912 alone, however, the voters approved 34 amendments, more than three times as many amendments as they approved in the sixty years following the adoption of the 1851 Constitution.The 1912 Constitutional Convention also made the process of amending the constitution less difficult, and in the following one hundred years the voters approved 120 of 218 proposed amendments."  ( Updated excerpt from Steinglass, Steven H. and Scarselli, Gino J. The Ohio State Constitution : A Reference Guide . Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2004, p. 52.)

 

Amendments Proposed by General Assembly (“GA”) and Initiative and Adopted 1913-2012

Decade GA GA Pass GA Fail Initiative Initiative Pass Initiative Fail Total Pass Fail
1913-1919 7 2 5 14 4 10 21 6 15
1920s 11 4 7 5 0 5 16 4 12
1930s 5 3 2 8 3 5 13 6 7
1940s 7 6 1 2 2 0 9 8 1
1950s 23 18 5 1 0 1 24 18 6
1960s 22 16 6 1 0 1 23 16 7
1970s 42 28 14 11 1 10 53 29 24
1980s 11 6 5 7 0 7 18 6 12
1990s 11 10 1 6 4 2 17 14 3
2000s 8 7 1 11 3 8 19 10 9
2010s 3 2 1 2 1 1 5 3 2
Total 150 102 48 68 18 50 218 120 98

This chart demonstrates that the use of the initiative to propose constitutional amendments was more common in 1913-1919 the period immediately after the initiative petition came into being. 

"The pace of constitutional change since 1912 has varied significantly with the most amendments being adopted in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s when the voters approved 63 out of 100 proposed amendments. By far, more amendments were proposed and adopted in the 1970s than in any other decade in large part due to the creation of the Ohio Constitutional Revision Commission by the General Assembly to review and recommend changes to the constitution."

Excerpt from Steinglass, Steven H. and Scarselli, Gino J. The Ohio State Constitution : A Reference Guide . Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2004, p. 54.

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